Prices higher in Île-de-France than in the provinces
In 2006, actual per capita consumption in France was 23% higher than the average in the 27 countries of the European Union. However, to provide a useful comparison between different countries' levels of consumption we must also take into account prices: they are on average 7% higher in France, which would reduce the real difference between France and its neighbours accordingly. There are also differences in price levels within the country: consumer expenditure prices are on average 13% higher in Île-de-France than in the provinces. More than half of this disparity is the result of rent costs, which are nearly 50% higher for Île-de-France residents. In other spending areas, the price discrepancy is higher for services (medical consultations, cafés, restaurants, hairdressers, etc.) than for goods (food products, clothing, furniture, etc.). Overall price differences between the Paris region and the provinces are of the same order of magnitude as pay differences.