Changing social group during a career - Increased mobility since the 1980's
Changes in socio-professional group during the course of a career are now more frequent than at the beginning of the 1980's. Although it is now more common for individuals to reach a higher rank in the social hierarchy, downgrading is also experienced more often. Promotions are more common amongst men and workers who start at the bottom of the social ladder (factory and unqualified workers). Downgrading primarily involves those at the top of the social ladder and often occurs following time spent in unemployment or after a period of inactivity.