Commutes increased by suburbanisation
In 2004, nearly three out of four employees left the commune where they lived to travel to work. The working population who live in the suburban belts, where there are fewer employment opportunities than in the urban centres, are the most mobile: they rarely work in their community of residence and have a much longer commute, in terms of both distance and journey time. Employees living in the Paris urban area are differentiated from those who live in the large urban areas in the provinces by relatively long journey times, despite having shorter distances to travel. Executives travel noticeably greater distances than the other categories of employees.