Tobacco Consumption: a sharp reduction since 2003
Since the Evin Law of 1991 (French Law to regulate and limit alcohol and tobacco advertising), the price of tobacco has risen sharply several times and purchases at constant prices have reduced by 3.4% a year on average. This trend towards reduction has recently become more marked; high price rises have lead to a fall of nearly 30% in volume of tobacco purchases in France between 2002 and 2004. However, this phenomenon has been accompanied by extra purchases in countries bordering France compared with 2002, which would correspond to around 6% of tobacco purchases in France in 2004. In 2005, both the price and volume of tobacco purchases stabilised. Light filter cigarettes are more popular than dark cigarettes. Smokers are abandoning pipes, whilst purchases of cigars and cigarillos are rising. Rolling tobacco, not as expensive as cigarettes, has benefited from the transfer effect. The French are below the European Union average (2.0%), allocating just 1.7% of their budget to tobacco in 2004: tobacco prices are higher in France, but consumption is lower.