Living standards and poverty in France: northern and southern départements are the worst affected by poverty and inequalities

Laurent Auzet, Magali Février, Insee Bretagne Aude Lapinte, division Revenus et patrimoine des ménages, Insee

Median living standards are highest in the Île-de-France, Rhône-Alpes and Alsace. In the west, income inequalities are the lowest, while they are highest in Île-de-France. Poverty levels are highest in Languedoc-Roussillon, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Nord and in Seine-Saint-Denis In Nord, Bouches-du-Rhône and Seine-Saint-Denis, large families are particularly affected, which leads to more frequent child poverty. In the most rural départements, poverty most commonly affects older people. Unemployment, the proportion of economically inactive people, and differences in social or family structure are the main reasons behind these differences. Social benefit payments, which account for a third of the income available to poor households, contribute significantly to reducing the magnitude of these differences.

Insee Première
No 1162
Paru le : 26/10/2007