Household consumption (2010 base)
Analysis of changes in household consumption expenditure, associated with other factors (such as gross disposable income), shows household behaviour related to consumption/savings.
In addition, it provides a detailed analysis of consumption at three further levels:
- consumed products: products are defined according to manufacturing process and material of which the consumed object is made, e.g. textile, wood, chemical, etc.;
- function, or according to the needs that the consumption meets. For example: food, alcoholic beverages and tobacco, clothing and shoes, housing, heating, light, etc.;
- the durable or non-durable nature of the goods consumed (durable goods as opposed to fungible goods). In this way the important durable goods can be distinguished (vehicles, furniture, household or leisure equipment) from semi-durable goods (textiles, clothing) and non-durable goods (food, energy).
In the past, about every ten years, and now every five years on average, statisticians carried out an in-depth revision of the methods and evaluations used in the national accounts: this revision leads to what is called "a new base". Changes of base may also be accompanied by revisions of concepts or of classifications.
Data are currently published in 2010 base. Since 1986, there have been five bases : base 80, base 95, bases 2000, 2005 and 2010.
The evaluation of household consumption with the 1995 base differs appreciably from that with the 80 base (changes in concepts, changes to fields and re-evaluations of consumption levels, changes to the product classification).
In the 1995 base, this covers:
- inclusion of the overseas departments (DOM);
- classification of duties and taxes in the 1980 base (e.g. household waste collection tax) as "household expenditure";
- different treatment for offsetting tariff reductions;
- removal from consumption from antiques and art objects;
- re-evaluation of 80 base levels from available sources, including adding new products.
Compared with the 95 base, consumption in the 2000 base additionally covers:
- inclusion in household expenditure of expenses related to financial intermediation services indirectly measured (FISIM); this expenditure corresponds to financial institutions' interest margins on consumer credit and on deposits.
- re-evaluation of levels of the 95 base from available sources, including adding new products, especially for goods and services associated with information and communication technology.
In the 2005 base, the consumption is now based on the French classification of activities - NAF rev. 2. The change in classification has been an opportunity to :
- an overhaul of the account of non-profit institutions serving households and of the social action ;
- the integration of VAT on leasing in FISIM ;
- a revaluation of consumption levels based on available sources, including readjustments on satellites accounts.
In the 2010 base, consumption levels are measured using the concepts described in the new European system of Accounts (ESA 2010). Compared to the base 2005, it includes:
- the integration of Mayotte as overseas department
- a new way to register tax credit that underestimates the consumption expenditure of households (either as grant or as social benefits in kind)
-the classification as "consumption expenditure of households' of tax on registration certificates
- the new definition of consumption casualty insurance, based on the difference between collected premiums and expected benefits (and no longer based on actually paid benefits)
-the revaluation of the 2005 base levels from the available sources.