Localised unemployment rates
Dernière mise à jour le : 11/08/2014
Présentation de l'opération
Organisme producteur :
Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)
Type d'opération :
Synthesis between the ongoing Labour Force Survey and Pôle Emploi data (end-of-month jobseekers)
To estimate localised unemployment rates by region, department and employment area
Thèmes abordés :
Champ de l'opération
Champ géographique :
The regions and departments of Metropolitan France
Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :
- Quarterly: localised unemployment rates by region, department and employment area in Metropolitan France; - Annual: localised unemployment rates by region, department and employment area in Metropolitan France; - Annual: localised unemployment rates by region, department and employment area in overseas departments (except Mayotte Island)
Périodicité de l'opération :
Annual mean (regional and departmental levels): once a year (in March). Quarterly mean (regional and departmental levels): once a quarter (approximately 75 days after the end of each quarter).
Previously quarterly unemployment rates by region and department were relative to the situation at the end of quarter and estimated from the series of jobseekers at the end of month (DEFM). The use of the DEFM at national level was abandoned from 2008 in favour of exclusive use of the Labour Force Survey for the calculation of the unemployment rate in the sense of the ILO. The series of regional and departmental unemployment rates are now estimated as quarterly means. Furthermore, the French interpretation of ILO unemployment was abandoned in favour of the European interpretation. The localised unemployment rate methodology was therefore adapted at departmental level to take account of these changes. The name "unemployment in the sense of the ILO" was also abandoned for these series in favour of the new name "localised unemployment rate"; these series in fact synthesise the information from the Labour Force Survey (unemployment in the sense of the ILO) and the DEFM (registered unemployment).
The localised unemployment rate estimation method is based on an estimate of, firstly, the unemployment (numerator) and, secondly, the employment (a part of the denominator), by employment area and department. The numerator is obtained each quarter by breaking down national figures for unemployment using the geographical structure observed in the DEFM. Each series obtained in this manner is then seasonally-adjusted (corrected for seasonal variations). The employment is in turn based on the work place employment estimates of the scheme Estimations of localised employment (Estel), and on the matrices of transition from the workplace to the place of residence (source census of population before 2008, and then Estel). For the employment area level, beyond the last available year in Estel, the estimate of the employment is prolonged for the recent period according to the average evolution observed over the last three available years. The localised unemployment rate is finally calculated by comparing the number of unemployed persons to the labour force (sum of the number of unemployed persons and occupied active persons) estimated in this manner.
Voir aussi :