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In Q1 2015, French GDP increased sharply (+0.6% after +0.1%), households’ purchasing power and non-financial corporations’ profit ratio accelerated

Quarterly national accounts - Detailed results Q1 2015

In Q1 2015, GDP in volume terms* increased by 0.6% after +0.1% in Q4 2014. The previous estimation (published May 13th, 2015) is thus confirmed.

Households’ consumption expenditure accelerated (+0.9% after +0.2%) while gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) decreased again, although more slowly (–0.1% after –0.4%). All in all, final domestic demand (excluding changes in inventories) contributed for +0.6 points to GDP growth (after +0.2 points at the end of 2014).

Imports accelerated (+2.6% after +1.8%), while exports slowed down (+1.1% after +2.8%). Finally, foreign trade contributed negatively to GDP growth (–0.5 points after +0.2 points) and is offset by the positive contribution from changes in inventories (+0.5 points after –0.3 points).

Households’ purchasing power recovered

In nominal terms, households’ gross disposable income (GDI) recovered in Q1 (+1.2% after –0.2%). On the one hand taxes on income and wealth decreased following a strong Q4 (–2.4% after +3.9%), on the other hand wages received by households accelerated sharply (+0.8% after +0.3%).

In Q1 2015, social benefits in cash decelerated (+0.3% after +0.6% at the end of 2014) and contributions paid by households fell back slightly (–0.1% after +0.3% in Q4), specifically those paid by self-employed persons, under the effect of the implementation of the Responsibility and Solidarity Pact.

* This growth rate is seasonally and working-day adjusted; volumes are chain-linked previous-year-prices volumes.

GDP and its main components

GDP and its main components
Goods and services:
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
2014 Q2 2014 Q3 2014 Q4 2015 Q1 2014 2015 (ovhg)
GDP -0.1 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.8
Imports 1.0 1.8 1.8 2.6 3.9 5.1
Household consumption *expenditure 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.6 1.4
General government's *consumption expenditure 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.2
GFCF -0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1 -1.2 -0.8
*of which Non-financial corporated and unincorporated enterprises 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.3 2.0 0.4
Households -1.5 -1.3 -1.1 -1.4 -5.3 -3.2
General government -2.8 -2.1 -0.3 0.4 -6.9 -1.6
Exports 0.1 0.9 2.8 1.1 2.4 3.7
Contributions :        
Internal demand excluding inventory changes 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.9
Inventory changes 0.0 0.3 -0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4
Net foreign trade -0.3 -0.3 0.2 -0.5 -0.5 -0.6
Sectoral accounts
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
*NFC: non-financial corporations
2014 Q2 2014 Q3 2014 Q4 2015 Q1 2014 2015 (ovhg)
Profit ratio of NFC* (level) 29.2 29.4 29.8 31.1 29.5  
Household purchasing power 0.3 0.6 -0.1 1.3 1.1 1.6
Production, consumption and GFCF: main components
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
2014 Q2 2014 Q3 2014 Q4 2015 Q1 2014 2015 (ovhg)
Production of branches 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.7 1.1
Goods -0.2 0.7 -0.3 1.6 0.1 1.7
Manufactured Industry -0.6 0.5 0.2 1.3 0.3 1.6
Construction -1.2 -1.0 -0.8 -0.9 -2.2 -2.3
Market services 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.7 1.1 1.3
Non-market services 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.3 0.9
Household consumption 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.6 1.4
Food products 0.6 -0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5
Energy 1.7 1.0 -1.6 4.0 -5.7 3.6
Engineered goods 0.0 0.3 0.6 1.6 1.9 2.2
Services 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.5
GFCF -0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1 -1.2 -0.8
Manufactured goods -0.2 0.2 -0.3 1.0 1.3 0.9
Construction -1.5 -1.3 -0.9 -1.3 -3.4 -2.9
Market services 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.4 1.2
Households’ disposable income and ratios of households’ account
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
*cu: consumption unit
2014 Q2 2014 Q3 2014 Q4 2015 Q1 2014 2015 (ovhg)
HDI 0.2 0.4 -0.2 1.2 1.1 1.3
Household purchasing power 0.3 0.6 -0.1 1.3 1.1 1.6
HDI by cu* (purchasing power) 0.2 0.5 -0.2 1.2 0.7 1.3
Adjusted HDI (purchasing power) 0.4 0.6 0.0 1.1 1.3 1.5
Saving rate (level) 15.1 15.2 15.0 15.3 15.1  
Financial saving rate (level) 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.5 6.0  
Ratios of non-financial corporations’ account
level (in percent), data WDA-SA
2014 Q2 2014 Q3 2014 Q4 2015 Q1 2014
Profit share 29.2 29.4 29.8 31.1 29.5
Investment ratio 23.2 23.2 22.9 22.7 23.1
Savings ratio 17.1 17.4 18.3 19.3 17.4
Self-financing ratio 73.6 75.0 79.9 85.2 75.2
Expenditure, receipts and net borrowing of public administrations
level, data WDA-SA
2014 Q2 2014 Q3 2014 Q4 2015 Q1 2014
In billions of euros      
Total expenditure 305.7 306.9 307.4 309.8 1226.5
Total receipts 284.4 285.5 286.4 287.9 1141.7
Net lending (+) or borrowing (-) -21.3 -21.4 -21.0 -21.9 -84.9
In % of GDP      
Net lending (+) or borrowing (-) -4.0 -4.0 -3.9 -4.0 -4.0

Consumption prices decreased slightly (–0.1%, as in Q4 2014). All in all, households’ purchasing power bounced back (+1.3% after –0.1% in Q4). Taken individually (measured per consumption unit), it also recovered significantly (+1.2% after –0.2% in Q4).

In Q1 2015, households’ consumption increased (+0.9% after +0.2%) but less sharply than their purchasing power; therefore, their saving ratio increased by 0.3 points and reached 15.3%.

Non-financial corporations’ profit ratio increased

In Q1 2015 non-financial corporations’ (NFCs) value added accelerated (+1.5% after +0.7%) more sharply than the compensations they paid (including social contributions, taxes and subsidy on labour).

NFCs’ social contributions’ rate declined thanks to the Responsibility Pact, and the rate of the tax credit for encouraging competitiveness and jobs (CICE) has been raised. In fine, non-financial corporations’ gross operating surplus accelerated and their profit rate, increasing from 29.8% to 31.1%, reached its highest level since Q1 2011.

In Q1 2015, general government deficit amounted to 4.0% of GDP

In Q1 2015, general government net borrowing increased from 3.9% to 4.0% of GDP and reached 21.9 billion euros.

General government expenditure increased by 0.8% (after +0.2%), owing to the ramp-up of the CICE and as a reaction to a low contribution to the European budget in Q4 2014. Conversely, capital transfers decreased after the payment of the litigation about Ecomouv in Q4.

Receipts kept increasing in Q1 (+0.5% after +0.3%): the rise in corporation tax receipts and in old-age insurance contributions and the higher energy tax rate offset the decline in social contributions implemented within the framework of the Responsibility and Solidarity Pact.

Informations Rapides

n° 154 - June 24, 2015

Quarterly national accounts - detailed figures - 1St Quater 2015

Next issue September 23, 2015 08:45 - 2nd Quarter 2015

For further information

  • Historical data are available on the BDM: G1540, G1548.

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