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In Q1 2014, French GDP held steady (0.0% after +0.2%), households’ purchasing power and corporations’ profit ratio picked up

Quarterly national accounts - Detailed results Q1 2014

In Q1 2014, French growth domestic product (GDP) in volume* held steady after a 0.2 percent increase in Q4 2013. The previous release (preliminary figures, on May 15, 2014) is globally unchanged.

Households’ consumption expenditure declined (–0.5% after +0.2%) and the decrease of total gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) got sharper (–0.8% after –0.2%). All in all, final domestic demand (excluding changes in inventories) decreased anew and contributed negatively to GDP evolution in Q1 (–0.4 points after +0.2 points in Q4 2013).

Imports accelerated (+1.0% after +0.5%), while exports decelerated (+0.6% after +1.5%). Consequently, the foreign trade balance contributed negatively to activity (–0.1 points after +0.3 points). On the contrary, changes in inventories contributed positively (+0.5 points after –0.3 points).

Households’ purchasing power rebounded

In nominal terms, household’s gross disposable income (GDI) upturned in Q1 (+1.3% after –0.3%). Indeed, taxes on income and wealth markedly decreased (–4.1%) following a strong H2 2013 (+1.7% in 2013 Q3 and +5.1% in Q4). This progress resulted notably from measures adopted to enhance the efficiency of taxes in 2013: the de-indexation of the income tax thresholds, the creation of a 45% bracket and the lowering of the family quotient ceiling. Moreover, wages received by households increased at the same rate as at the end of 2013 (+0.5%) and social benefits decelerated slightly (+0.7% after +0.8%).

GDP and its main components

GDP and its main components
Goods and services:
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2014 Q1 2013 2014 (ovhg)
GDP 0.6 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.3
Imports 1.9 1.1 0.5 1.0 1.9 2.3
Household consumption *expenditure 0.3 -0.2 0.2 -0.5 0.3 -0.4
General government's *consumption expenditure 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.0 1.1
GFCF 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.8 -0.8 -1.1
*of which Non financial corporated and unincorporated enterprises 0.3 0.2 0.7 -0.6 -0.6 0.2
Households -0.6 -1.7 -2.3 -2.4 -3.1 -5.1
General government 0.1 0.6 -0.3 0.0 1.1 0.1
Exports 3.0 -0.5 1.5 0.6 2.4 2.3
Contributions :        
Internal demand excluding inventory changes 0.4 0.0 0.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.1
Inventory changes 0.0 0.4 -0.3 0.5 -0.2 0.5
Net foreign trade 0.3 -0.5 0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.1
Sectoral accounts
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
*NFC: non-financial corporations
2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2014 Q1 2013 2014 (ovhg)
Profit ratio of NFC* (level) 30.1 29.4 29.5 30.0 29.8  
Household purchasing power 0.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.9 0.0 0,6
Production, Consumption and GFCF : main componants
level, data WDA-SA
2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2014 Q1 2013 2014 (ovhg)
Production of branches 0.9 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5
Goods 1.4 -1.2 -0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.1
Manufactured Industry 1.6 -1.1 0.0 0.9 -0.6 0.8
Construction 0.3 -0.5 -0.4 -1.4 -1.2 -1.8
Market services 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.8
Non-market services 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.5 1.0
Household consumption 0.3 -0.2 0.2 -0.5 0.3 -0.4
Food products -0.8 0.3 0.9 -0.9 0.1 -0.3
Energy 1.3 -3.8 -1.4 -3.9 0.8 -6.4
Engineered goods 0.1 0.7 1.2 0.0 -1.0 1.3
Services 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.4
GFCF 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.8 -0.8 -1.1
Manufactured goods -0.7 1.2 0.3 -0.5 -0.9 0.1
Construction 0.0 -0.8 -0.8 -1.6 -1.6 -2.5
Services 0.5 -0.3 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3
Households’ disposable income and ratios of households’ account
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
*cu: consumption unit
2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2014 Q1 2013 2014 (ovhg)
HDI 0.2 0.0 -0.3 1.3 0.6 1.1
Household purchasing power 0.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.9 0.0 0.6
HDI by cu* (purchasing power) 0.1 -0.4 -0.5 0.7 -0.6 0.2
Adjusted HDI (purchasing power) 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.8 0.5 0.7
Saving rate (level) 15.2 15.1 14.7 15.9 15.1  
Financial saving rate (level) 5.8 6.0 5.6 7.1 5.8  
Ratios of non-financial corporations’ account
percentage change from previous period,working-day and seasonally adjusted data
2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2014 Q1 2013
Profit share 30.1 29.4 29.5 30.0 29.8
Investment ratio 22.4 22.6 22.7 22.5 22.6
Savings ratio 17.4 16.6 17.2 17.2 17.1
Self-financing ratio 77.7 73.4 75.9 76.5 75.7
Expenditure, receipts and net borrowing of public administrations
level, data WDA-SA
2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2014 Q1 2013
In billions of euros      
Total expenditure 300.5 303.4 305.4 308.6 1208.3
Total receipts 278.5 281.2 283.1 284.9 1118.7
Net lending (+) or borrowing (-) -22.0 -22.2 -22.3 -23.7 -89.6
In % of GDP      
Net lending (+) or borrowing (-) -4.2 -4.2 -4.2 -4.4 -4.2

Consumption prices moderately increased in Q1 (+0.3% after +0.1%), therefore households’ purchasing power rose by 0.9% in Q1 2014 after a step back at the end of 2013 (–0.3%). Taken individually (measured per consumption unit), it increased by 0.7% after a 0.5% drop in Q4 2013.

As households’ consumption decreased (–0.2% in value after +0.3%), the saving ratio increased: it reached 15.9%, its 2012 spring level, after 14.7% at the end of 2013.

Non-financial corporations’ profit ratio sharply recovered in Q1 2014

In Q1 2014, non-financial corporations’ nominal value added decelerated (+0.1% after +0.3%) and compensations (including social contributions and taxes on labour) accelerated: +0.8% after +0.3%. However their profit ratio upturned by 0.5 points to reach 30.0%. It was the most important increase since the beginning of 2010. It resulted from the implementation of the CICE: this tax credit, recorded as a subsidy (receipt for corporations, expenditure for public administrations) contributed for +1.1 points to the profit ratio increase.

In Q1 2014, General government deficit represented 4.4% of GDP

General government deficit reached 4.4% in Q1 2014. Expenditure accelerated (+1.0% after +0.6%), the impact of the CICE is partly offset by a decrease of the French contribution to the European budget. The receipts increase was steady at +0.7%: the households’ taxes on income decline was offset by increases in taxes on societies, in VAT (because of rate increases) and in social contributions. The quarterly general government deficit estimation results from methodological works which spanned several years. It is not merely accounting data but statistical data which contains some imprecisions and may be revised (see methodology note). The resulting volatility of these agregates should encourage great caution when using and interpreting these estimates, particularly concerning quarters of the current year.

Informations Rapides

n° 150 - December 30, 1899

Quarterly national accounts - detailed figures - 1st Quarter 2014

Next issue September 23, 2014 08:45 - 2nd quarter 2014

For further information

  • Historical data are available on the BDM: G1540, G1548.

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Since July 2009, display of the Informations Rapides has changed.