Go to contents

Go to main menu

Go to engine search

top-cross links

French GDP decreased again in Q1 2013 (-0.2%)

Quarterly national accounts - First results Q1 2013

In Q1 2013, French growth domestic product (GDP) in volume* decreased again: –0.2% after –0.2% in Q4 2012. It is the third decrease in the last four quarters.

Household consumption expenditure was almost stable (–0.1% after 0.0%), meanwhile gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) was still diminishing (–0.9% after –0.8%). Overall, total domestic expenditure (excluding change in inventories) slightly decreased, weighing down GDP growth by –0.1 point.

Exports declined (–0.5% after –0.7%), while imports reached near stability (+0.1% after –1.3%). Therefore, foreign trade balance weighed down GDP (–0.2 point, after +0.2 point). Conversely, changes in inventories contributed positively to GDP: +0.1 point, after –0.3 point in Q4 2012.

Total output was at a standstill

In Q1 2013, output of in goods and services almost stabilized (–0.1% after –0.4%). Production in manufactured goods slowly decreased (–0.3% after –2.2%): output in transport equipment (–2.1% after –5.4%), and food products (–1.1% after –0.1%) sharply diminished whereas output in coke and refined petroleum upturned (+5.6% after –8.0%). Output in tradable services was flat (0.0% after +0.1%), but construction output went down again (–0.8% after –0.9%).

Household consumption expenditure remained sluggish

In Q1 2013, household consumption expenditure was almost flat (–0.1% after 0.0%) despite a rebound in energy, water and waste (+5.0% after –0.4%) due to a cold winter. Conversely, expenditure on manufactured goods was weakening (–0.9% after +0.1%), especially car purchases (–5.8% after 0.0%). Moreover, consumption of services remained sluggish (–0.1% after +0.2%).

GDP and its main components

GDP and its main components
GOODS AND SERVICES: SUPPLY AND USES CHAIN-LINKED VOLUMES
percentage change from previous period,trading-days and seasonally adjusted data
2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2012 2013 (ovhg)
GDP -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.3
Imports 0.2 0.1 -1.3 0.1 -0.9 -0.7
Household consumption *expenditure -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2
General government's *consumption expenditure 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.8
GFCF -0.2 -0.7 -0.8 -0.9 -1.2 -1.8
*of which Non financial corporated and unincorporated enterprises -0.2 -0.9 -0.7 -0.8 -1.9 -1.9
Households -0.2 -0.3 -0.8 -1.3 -0.4 -2.1
General government 0.2 -0.5 -0.9 -0.7 -0.6 -1.6
Exports 0.9 0.5 -0.7 -0.5 2.5 -0.6
Contributions :        
Internal demand excluding inventory changes -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2
Inventory changes -0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.1 -0.8 -0.1
Net foreign trade 0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.2 1.0 0.1
Sectoral accounts
percentage change from previous period,trading-days and seasonally adjusted data
*NFC: non-financial corporations
2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2012 2013 (ovhg)
Profit ratio of NFC* (level) 28.5 28.5 27.9   28.3  
Household purchasing power 0.2 -0.1 -0.9   -0.9 -0.6
GDP and components : prices indices
percentage change from previous period,trading-days and seasonally adjusted data
*GG: General Government
2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2012 2013 (ovhg)
GDP 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.7 1.5 1.2
Imports 0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.7 1.9 -0.4
Cons. Exp. :      
- Households 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 1.9 0.6
- GG* 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.5
Total GFCF 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.5 1.7 0.7
- of which Households 0.8 -0.4 -0.1 0.5 2.3 0.4
- of which NFE 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 1.3 0.9
- of which GG 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 2.2 0.9
Exports -0.4 0.7 0.3 -0.1 1.2 0.4
Manufactured goods : supply and uses in volume
percentage change from previous period,trading-days and seasonally adjusted data
2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2012 2013 (ovhg)
Industrie’s production -1.3 0.8 -2.2 -0.3 -2.8 -1.8
- of which value added -0.9 0.5 -1.8 -0.7 -2.0 -2.0
Imports 1.6 -1.1 -1.5 0.2 0.3 -1.1
Intermediate uses -0.9 0.3 -1.2 -0.5 -1.8 -1.4
Cons. Exp. :      
- of households -0.8 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 -1.2 -1.0
- of GG 0.7 0.3 1.5 1.5 4.3 2.9
Total GFCF -0.9 -0.6 -1.8 -1.3 -3.0 -3.1
- of which NFC -0.9 -0.7 -2.0 -1.5 -3.7 -3.6
- of which GG -0.5 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 1.0 -0.4
Exports 0.9 0.5 -1.5 -0.4 3.0 -1.1
Inventory changes (contribution) 0.1 -0.5 -0.8 0.9 -2.5 0.1
Households’ disposable income and ratios of households’ account
percentage change from previous period,trading-days and seasonally adjusted data
*cu: consumption unit
2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2012 2013 (ovhg)
HDI 0.4 0.0 -0.7   0.9 -0.4
Household purchasing power 0.2 -0.1 -0.9 -0.9 -0.6
HDI by cu* (purchasing power) 0.0 -0.2 -1.0 -1.5 -0.9
Adjusted HDI (purchasing power) 0.2 0.0 -0.6 -0.4 -0.4
Saving rate (level) 16.0 15.9 15.2 15.6  
Financial saving rate (level) 6.5 6.5 5.8   6.2  
Ratios of non-financial corporations’ account
percentage change from previous period,trading-days and seasonally adjusted data
2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 2012
Profit share 28.5 28.5 27.9   28.3
Investment ratio 19.5 19.3 19.2   19.4
Savings ratio 13.2 13.0 11.8   12.8
Self-financing ratio 67.5 67.3 61.3   65.9

Total GFCF stepped back again

Total GFCF was still depressed (–0.9% after –0.8%). Due to less housing starts in the past quarters, construction investment decreased at the same rate than in Q4 2012 (–1.0%). Expenditure in manufactured goods was also poorly oriented (–1.3% after –1.8%). Non-financial corporations investment diminished again (–0.8% after –0.7%), and so did general government investment (–0.7% after –0.9%). Finally, the decline of household GFCF sped up (–1.3% after –0.8%).

Exports were still depressed

In Q1 2013, exports decreased again (–0.5% after –0.7%). Sales in energy, water and waste products (–15.8% after +0.5%) and manufactured goods (–0.4% after –1.5%) both contributed to this decline. Meanwhile, imports reached stability (+0.1% after –1.3%), notably imports of manufactured goods. Overall, foreign trade weighed down GDP evolution: –0.2 point after +0.2 point.

Changes in inventories slightly contributed to GDP

Changes in inventories contributed positively, yet weakly, to GDP evolution: +0.1 point after –0.3 point in Q4 2012. Quarterly profile was mostly impacted by changes in refined petroleum stocks.

Revisions

Revisions are larger this quarter than on previous publications, but their extent are typical of a first quarter. They come from new benchmarking due to revised annual accounts impacting 2010 (GDP growth unchanged at +1.6%), 2011 (+0.3 point at +2.0%) and 2012 (unchanged at 0.0%) and due to updates of seasonal and working day adjustments. Moreover, main indicators (industrial production index, producer and import price index and turnover index) were switched from base 2005 to base 2010. All these changes introduce revisions on quarterly data: Q1 2011 was the most noticeable one (+0.3 point at +1.1%). Q3 2012 was revised down (–0.1 point at +0.1%) while Q4 2012 was revised up (+0.1 point at –0.2%).

Informations Rapides

n° 108 - May 15, 2013

Quarterly national accounts - preliminary figures - 1st Quarter 2013

Next issue February 13, 2015 07:30 - 4th Quarter 2014

For further information

  • Historical data are available on the BDM: G1540, G1548.

New

Since July 2009, display of the Informations Rapides has changed.