Date of last update: April 25, 2013
Source1 : Direction de l'animation de la recherche, des études et des statistiques (DARES)
From the publication about data of January 2013, job seekers' statistics are based on the concept of age reached at the end of the month, instead of the concept of age reached at the end of current year, as before.
Back data are available from January 1996.
Job-seekers are people who are enrolled at Pôle Emploi, an organisation formed by merging the ANPE (National Employment Agency) and the ASSEDIC network (Association for Employment in Industry and Commerce).
Statistics about job-seekers are compiled from administrative documents which Pôle Emploi uses for its work. As such, apart from trends on the jobs market, different factors can affect the number of job-seekers: modifications to the tracking and accompaniment of job-seekers, job-seeker enrolment procedures, etc.
Statistics of this nature do not generally lend themselves well to comparisons between countries as they depend on enrolment rules. For example, in some countries, the administrative statistics only concern job-seekers who receive unemployment benefits, which is not the case in France, where job-seekers not receiving benefits are also counted.
The concept of job-seekers enrolled at Pôle Emploi is a different concept to that of unemployment in the sense of the International Labour Office (ILO)- some unemployed are not unemployed in the sense of the ILO, and conversely some unemployed are not enrolled at Pôle Emploi.
The number of job-seekers is published in the following statistical categories:
Job-seekers required to actively seek employment, unemployed
|Category B||Job-seekers required to actively seek employment, and who have carried out short duration temporary / occasional work (i.e. 78 hours or fewer over the course of the month)|
|Category C||Job-seekers required to actively seek work, and who have carried out long duration temporary / occasional work (i.e. 78 hours or more over the course of the month)|
|Category D||Job-seekers not required to actively seek work (because of an internship, training, illness...), including job-seekers with a CRP contract (contract for professional redeployment) or a CTP contract (professional transition contract), without employment)|
|Category E||Job-seekers not required to actively seek employment, employed
(for example: those with a subsidised contract)
Pôle Emploi collects information about job offers from businesses. A proportion of these are filled. The statistics count an offer as filled if the employer has found a person to occupy the position, regardless of how they managed this (thanks to Pôle Emploi, or by other means).
The offers collected and fulfilled are classified according to three types:
Links between job offers and job applications must be made cautiously in that a business's recruitment needs do not necessarily translate into an offer at Pôle Emploi, with this being to varying degrees according to the qualification level of the job, the industry sector and the size of the business.