Date of last update: March 22, 2013
Source1 : Direction de l'animation de la recherche, des études et des statistiques (DARES)
The Office for the Organisation of Research, Studies and Statistics (DARES) of the Ministry for Work, Social Relations and Solidarity carries out different compulsory surveys on professional activity and working conditions (ACEMO).
These surveys were the subject of an overhaul in 2005-2006, carried out in co-operation with INSEE, business partners and outside users.
The main components of the survey are set out below.
The quarterly survey on professional activity and working conditions has several main objectives:
The survey covers all establishments in the non-agricultural commercial sector which are located in mainland France and are part of a business of 10 employees or more, in other words the private and semi-public sector, excluding agriculture, domestic services for individuals, public administration, hospitals, non-commercial education and social services as defined by the law of 1901.
The unit surveyed is the establishment. However, some enterprises with centralised management of their salary policies who cannot easily get hold of certain information at establishment level are authorised to issue one response for all establishments included in the business.
Around 34,000 units are sampled by post at the end of each quarter. In order to reduce the statistical load, establishments of less than 250 employees are covered by a survey. However, the sample includes all establishments employing at least 250 workers. A quarter of the establishments polled are changed each year.
The timetable for making them available is as follows:
The date that this data will be available is known four months in advance.
The results presented usually come from around 16,000 questionnaires at the time of provisional publication and around 22,000 questionnaires at the time of final publication.
The results are published in:
The quarterly survey measures total salaried employment at the end of the quarter: all employees who are under contract and being paid by the establishment are included. As such, temporary workers, interns and supplementary staff are not excluded. The number of part-time salaried workers with a fixed-term contract as part of a CNE contract is also requested.
The quarterly survey monitors the total collective duration of work at the establishment. The collective (or given) duration measures the collective working hours for a group of employees as fixed in their workplace. Measured by a survey of businesses, this survey only applies to full-time employees, the working hours of part-time employees being fixed in their work contract.
The survey also allows the proportion of employees whose working hours are worked out at a daily flat rate to be calculated.
The quarterly survey monitors only the evolution of the basic salary linked to a position at a given hierarchal level, and therefore at a constant qualification level. The quarterly indicators published are the following:
The basic monthly wage does not include bonuses (except, where relevant, bonuses linked to a reduction in working hours), or supplementary hours. It therefore covers the gross salary, before deduction of social security contributions and payment of benefits. The questions concern the last month of the given quarter.
The basic hourly wage is obtained by dividing the gross monthly wage by the basic monthly hours of the employee, calculated as an average across the year (for an employee working 39 hours each week who gets 23 days of TOIL, the average weekly hours across the year is 35 hours a week, making 152 basic monthly hours). The basic hourly wage is only measured for workers.